The meaning of the term "neurodiversity"
The term "neurodiversity" was coined in the late 1990's by Judy Singer, an Australian sociologist. See the following articles:
Some people seem to have the idea that "neurodiversity" is all about "superpowers" and denial of disability. That's incorrect. While acknowledgment of whatever strengths an individual may have is indeed important, the neurodiversity movement is, first and foremost, a branch of the disability rights movement.
In other disability communities too (e.g. blind and deaf), it is considered important to identify whatever strengths a person may have, and, if possible, to use those strengths to educate the person, with the ultimate goal of gainful employment. Of course this isn't a feasible goal for all disabled people, but it's certainly desirable when possible.
The disability rights movement, in general, advocates both of the following, for people with disabilities of any kind:
- For those who can work, acknowledgment and encouragement of strengths, and providing needed accommodations.
- For those who can't work, the supports needed to have as much freedom as is reasonably possible, and protection from institutional abuse.
The neurodiversity movement advocates both of the above for neurodivergent people of all kinds (not just autistic people).